20th IEEE Mediterranean Eletrotechnical Conference


June 16-18, 2020, Palermo, Italy


Invited Speakers

Track 1 – Session 1.4: Air transportation, avionics and aerospace, more electric aircrafts

Electromagnetic Compatibility in the Aircraft sector: Lightning indirect effects and innovative protection techniques for safety improvement in the air transportation systems.

Presented by: Hari Prasad Rimal (Engineering Department, University of Perugia, Italy)
Advancement in technologies has established at least two new trends in the operation and design of aircraft structure. There is increase in the use of miniaturized, solid state components in the avionic equipments, the practice that loses robustness over functionality. Similarly, the body structure of the modern aircrafts are increasingly constructed from the carbon fibre and its composites, the practice that reduces the electromagnetic shielding, as a result the electromagnetic cleanliness inside the aircraft is compromised during the transient events such as the lightning phenomenon. In the light of these facts, the lightning indirect effect protection of the avionic equipments is still a challenging job. We present an inductive filter in combination with a Metal Oxide Varistor (MOV) for a robust and reliable protection of the avionic equipments against the lightning indirect effects. Ferromagnetic core or ferrite inductor and a MOV combination has been proposed to analyse their performance in protecting the Equipments under Test (EUT) for the indirect lightning waveforms reported in the International standard for Airborne equipments RTCA/DO-160G. The results from the test of this protection system on actual avionic equipment such as DC-DC converter are also presented.

Track 2 – Session 2.4: Robotics, Automation and Advanced Manufacturing

An introduction to patterns for the Internet of Robotic Things in the Ambient Assisted Living scenario

Authors: Bruno Andò, Luciano Cantelli , Vincenzo Catania, Ruben Crispino, Dario Calogero Guastella, Salvatore Monteleone , and Giovanni Muscato
Presented by: Giovanni Muscato (University of Catania, Italy)
The Internet of Things paradigm envisions the interoperation among objects, people, and their surrounding environments. In the last decade, the spread of IoT-based solutions has been supported in a plethora of domains and scenarios by Academia, Industry, and Standards-Setting Organizations. The wide variety of applications and the need for a higher level of autonomy and interaction with the environment have recently led to the raise of the Internet of Robotic Things (IoRT), where the smart objects become autonomous robotic systems. As denoted in recent literature, many of the proposed solutions in the IoT field have to tackle similar challenges regarding management of resources, interoperation among objects, and interaction with users and the environment. Given that, the concept of IoT Pattern has been recently introduced. In software engineering a pattern is defined as a general solution that can be applied to a class of common problems. It is a template suggesting a solution for the same problem occurring in different contexts. In a similar fashion an IoT pattern provides a guide to design an IoT solution with the difference that the software is not the only element involved. Starting from this idea, we propose the novel concept of IoRT pattern. We will focus on the pattern identification and authoring process, by abstracting examples also in the assisted living scenario.

Track 3 - Session 3.1: Services, Applications and Solutions to Challenging Problems in Smart Healthcare

Evaluating the effectiveness of the “Individual Assistance Plan” for Italian chronic patients

Authors: Anna Alloni (Biomeris, Italy); Daniele Santonastaso (DSPS Solutions, Italy); Marco Villa (ATS Valpadana, Italy); Matteo Gabetta and Mauro Bucalo (Biomeris, Italy); Silvana Quaglini (Università di Pavia, Italy)
Presented by: Silvana Quaglini, (University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy)
The aim of this work is the evaluation of a relatively new intervention for chronic patients in Italy, namely the PAI, i.e., “Piano Assistenziale Individuale” (Individual Care Plan). It is a service based on the paradigm of the personalised medicine, which should optimize several aspects of the individual care, such as patients’ compliance to therapy, ease of access to care delivery, and a tighter monitoring of the patient’s status on the long run. The expected outcomes from the PAI introduction are both the improvement of the patients’ status and reduction of costs for the care provider. A case-control study has been performed, involving more than 20000 patients, and preliminary results seem to confirm the effectiveness of the new service, in particular by reducing patients’ access to hospital and emergency room.

Track 3 - Session 3.2 Big Data Integration and Personalised Medicine in Smart Health Care

Personalized Detection of Explosive Cough Events in Patients With Pulmonary Disease

Authors: Bruno M Rocha, Diogo Pessoa, Paulo Carvalho and Rui Pedro Paiva (University of Coimbra, Portugal)
Presented by: Paulo Carvalho (University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal)
We present a new method for the discrimination of explosive cough events based on a combination of spectral and pitch-related features. The method was tested on 16 distinct partitions of a database with 9 patients. After a pre-processing stage where non-relevant segments were discarded, we have extracted eight features from each of the other segments and have fed them to the classifiers. Four types of algorithms were implemented to classify the events, with Bayesian classifiers achieving the best performance. Preliminary results showed that performance increased when the analysis was performed on individual subjects and when specific sensor locations were chosen. These results demonstrate that personalizing the analysis is a promising approach and shed some light on where to put sensors when automatic analysis is performed in the future.

Track 4 - Session 4.4: Demand response and prosumers' aggregation

Contribution of smart prosumers to the grid reliability

Presented by: Diego Arnone (Engineering I.I. S.p.A., Italy)
The power grid is continuously evolving toward the Smart Grid concept: data and electricity move together, and Information Technology plays an even more central role in this emerging panorama. Big and small energy producers as well as consumers become both reactive and proactive stakeholders that must communicate each other and cooperate by finding a compromise between their own strategic objectives and the maximization of the power grid reliability. Demand Response, prosumers aggregation, smart storage, energy sector coupling technologies are only some for the solutions under development to mitigate the power grid voltage and frequency fluctuations. Engineering I.I. S.p.A. is a big Italian IT company, founded 40 years ago, that gets more than one forth of its revenues from the Energy and Utilities domain. Thanks to huge investments in research and development activities, Engineering is actively participating to more than 100 research co-funded initiatives, both national and H2020 research projects. A significant number of these projects are focused on the design and development of innovative IT solutions for the power grid, the energy producers and the consumers. In the role of key technology provider, Engineering has taken part of more than 20 research projects concerning the collaboration between power grid and smart prosumers and this allows the company to offer reliable solutions to big customers like TERNA, ENEL, IREN and many other players in the energy domain. The speech will be an overview of a small subset of the “smart energy projects” that are currently ongoing in the Engineering Research and Development Laboratory.

Track 4 - Special Session - Italian Divertor Tokamak Test Facility

Status and main technological challenges of the EU DEMO nuclear fusion reactor.

Authors: Pietro A. Di Maio (University of Palermo, Italy); Ilenia Catanzaro (University of Palermo, Italy); Pierluigi Chiovaro (University of Palermo, Italy); Ruggero Forte (University of Palermo, Italy); Ivo Moscato (University of Palermo, Italy); Andrea Quartararo (University of Palermo, Italy); Eugenio Vallone (University of Palermo, Italy)
Presented by: Pietro A. Di Maio (University of Palermo, Italy)
Abstract: One of the most important action envisaged by the Roadmap to Fusion Electricity Horizon 2020 is the conceptual design of a number of DEMO(nstration) plant design options. For the preliminary studies, a pulsed “low extrapolation” system is adopted, based on technologies and reliable regimes of operation which can be gathered by the ITER project [1]. In this early phase of the DEMO project, emphasis has been given to those engineering aspects and design integration issues that actually affect the architecture of a nuclear power plant, e.g. technology readiness, power conversion features, safety and related licensing aspects. This paper provides an overview of the status and main technological challenges of the EU DEMO nuclear fusion reactor.